Monday, August 24, 2020

The History of Barbed Wire or the Thorny Fence

The History of Barbed Wire or the Thorny Fence Licenses for enhancements to wire fencing were allowed by the U.S. Patent Office, starting with Michael Kelly in November 1868 and finishing with Joseph Glidden in November 1874, that shape the historical backdrop of this device. Prickly Fence versus Wild West The quick development of this exceptionally successful apparatus as the supported fencing technique changed life in the wild west as significantly as the rifle, six-shooter, broadcast, windmill, and train. Without fencing, domesticated animals brushed unreservedly, vieing for grub and water. Where working ranches existed, most properties were unfenced and open to scavenging by meandering steers and sheep. Prior to security fencing, the absence of successful fencing restricted cultivating and farming practices, and the quantity of individuals who could settle in a region. The new fencing changed the West from huge and unclear grasslands/fields to a place that is known for cultivating, and far reaching settlement. Why Wire Was Used Wooden wall were exorbitant and hard to get on the grassland and fields, where barely any trees developed. Wood was in such short flexibly in the locale that ranchers had to assemble places of turf. In like manner, rocks for stone dividers were scant on the fields. Security fencing end up being less expensive, simpler, and faster to use than any of these different other options. Michael Kelly Invented the First Barbed Wire Fencing The primary wire wall (before the innovation of the spike) comprised of just one strand of wire, which was continually broken by the heaviness of cows squeezing against it. Michael Kelly made a huge improvement to wire fencing, he contorted two wires together to frame a link for thorns - the first of its sort. Known as the prickly fence, Michael Kellys twofold strand configuration made wall more grounded, and the difficult thorns made steers stay away. Joseph Glidden Was Considered the King of the Barb Typically, different innovators looked to enhance Michael Kellys plan; among them was Joseph Glidden, a rancher from De Kalb, IL. In 1873 and 1874, licenses were given for different plans to contend with Micheal Kellys creation. Be that as it may, the perceived champ was Joseph Gliddens structure for a straightforward wire spike bolted onto a twofold strand wire. Joseph Gliddens configuration made security fencing increasingly successful, he designed a technique for securing the points, and developed the apparatus to mass-produce the wire. Joseph Gliddens U.S. patent was given on November 24, 1874. His patent endure court difficulties from different designers. Joseph Glidden won in prosecution and deals. Today, it remains the most natural style of spiked metal. Effect Living examples of the traveling Native Americans were drastically changed. Further crushed from lands they had consistently utilized, they started considering security fencing the Devils rope. More fenced-off land implied that cows herders were reliant on the decreasing open terrains, which quickly became overgrazed. Dairy cattle crowding was bound to get wiped out. Spiked metal, Warfare, and Security After its innovation, spiked metal was generally utilized during wars, to shield individuals and property from undesirable interruption. Military use of spiked metal officially dates to 1888, when British military manuals initially supported its utilization. During the Spanish-American War, Teddy Roosevelts Rough Riders decided to guard their camps with the assistance of spiked fencing. Thus of-the-century South Africa, five-strand wall were connected to brick houses shielding British soldiers from the infringement of Boer commandos. During World War I, spiked metal was utilized as a military weapon. Indeed, even now, spiked metal is generally used to secure and shield army base, to set up regional limits, and for detainee repression. Utilized on development and capacity destinations and around distribution centers, security fencing ensures supplies and people and keeps out undesirable interlopers.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

In the peace settlement Germany was forced to accept sole responsibili Essay Example For Students

In the harmony settlement Germany had to acknowledge sole responsibili Essay ty for causing World War I. This was an absolutely legitimate interest with respect to the triumphant forces. The Treaty of Versailles was instituted into history in June 1919 with Germany compelled to acknowledge sole obligation regarding causing World War I. From that point forward there has been significant discussion concerning the war yet even today students of history despite everything can't completely concur upon the causes. Some help has been given to the hypothesis that Germany was absolutely liable for the war anyway considerable proof doesn't bolster that see. In this way the request by the successful forces to remember for the Treaty that Germany acknowledge all out fault can't be legitimized. This exposition analyzes certain occasions and activities before the July emergency. These caused strain and antagonistic vibe among countries yet didn't have an immediate bearing upon the war. Additionally it has been resolved that there were choices and blueprints taken by a few countries following the death of Franz Ferdinand beneficiary to the Austrian-Hungarian seat which had an immed iate bearing upon World War I. Improvement of political and military collusions caused strain and threatening vibe among countries paving the way to World War I. Two significant collusion frameworks created because of clashing national interests which had been obvious during the previous two decades all through Europe. These were the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente of Britain, France and Russia. Likewise a few littler nations turned out to be in a roundabout way associated with the collusions which successfully partitioned Europe into two Armed Camps. Russia promised to help Serbia so as to forestall further Austrian-Hungarian venture into the Balkans. Germany expressed its help for Austria-Hungary and Britain had given its help for Belgiums 2. impartiality in 1839. Notwithstanding while these political and military collusions existed there is no immediate proof to demonstrate that any country proclaimed war on that premise. There had been a few emergency during the period 1905-1913. First the Moroccan emergency including France and Germany during 1905 and 1911. No wars eventuated just strains and fears with respect to Germanys forceful expansionist approaches. England bolstered France being engaged with Morocco and France surrendered some domain in the Congo to Germany. Second the 1908 Balkans emergency eventuated due to the breakdown of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Austria-Hungary added the territories of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Serbia was insensed and looked for Russian help. Germany got included and Russia threw in the towel. At long last two wars created in the Balkans. The main Balkan war 1912 was among Turkey and the Balkan League Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece with Turkey being driven out of the Balkans. The subsequent Balk an war ! ! 1913 happened among Bulgaria and Serbia/Greece. Winning this war reinforced Serbs position and this gave Austria-Hungary concern with respect to its impact in the Balkans. The primary criticalness of the Balkan wars was the situation of Britain and France putting limitation on Russia and Germany controlling Austria-Hungary. This didn't occur with the July emergency of 1914 which brought about World War I. Condron The Making of the Modern World Also the two Balkan wars brought about reestablished enmity among Bulgaria and the other Balkan states particularly Serbia and caused general disappointment in view of the impedance of the extraordinary powers in Balkan politics.Grolier World War I. Proof supports that while the different occasions talked about didn't contribute legitimately to World War I they did undoubtedly add to outrageous pressures and doubts between the incredible forces and absolutely powered the weapons contest which in actuality arranged countries for the all out catastrophe that w! ! as to follow the July emergency. .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .postImageUrl , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:hover , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:visited , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:active { border:0!important; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; darkness: 1; progress: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:active , .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:hover { haziness: 1; change: murkiness 250ms; webkit-progress: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .focused content region { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content enhancement: underline; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe range: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe span: 3px; content adjust: focus; content embellishment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-tallness: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: supreme; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } . uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109 .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .uc0d5f292998b7dd14b5879b5bbf7b109:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Breast disease EssayThe weapons contest which predominantly included Britain and Germany started in 1896 when Germany took the choice to altogether extend its naval force. This extraordinary rivalry which created made noteworthy pressures between countries. The force to grow was additionally energized following each significant emergency which created during the period 1905-1913. England solidified its situation towards Germany. The weapons contest likewise reached out to different territories, for example, the development and modernization of armed forces. Proof recommends that because of the enormous increment in consumption on naval forces and armed forces along with 3. transport and hardware Britain and the European countries were in reality getting ready for a war that they knew would eventuate at some stage. Germany touched off the weapons contest with its expect to build up a naval force 66% the size of Britains to ensure the helpless North Sea and conceivably through the dread of enclosure however proof backings that Britain drove the weapons contest and consequently this activity contributed altogether towards the gore and decimation that came about because of World War I. The death of Archduke, Franz Ferdinand, beneficiary to the seat of Austria-Hungary happened on the 28 June, 1914. This emergency was viewed as the key occasion that began World War I. Austria-Hungary were given a chance to move against Serbia and resolve its Balkan issues. Germany consented to help Austria-Hungary and gave them the notorious Blank Check bringing about unrestricted help. Austria-Hungary gave a final offer containing unthinkable requests as a result inciting w ar with Serbia. Anyway Serbia consented to the vast majority of the requests. Germany exhorted Austria-Hungary to haggle however rather they announced war on Serbia (28 July 1914). Russia quickly prepared its soldiers and Germany upheld Austria-Hungary. By August 1914 all significant European forces aside from Italy, had gotten included. England postponed its entrance until German soldiers traveled through Belgium so as to assault France. The collusion framework neglected to forestall war as already however maybe countries didn't anticipate that it should raise outside the Austria-Hungary and Serbian outskirts. Russian preparation may have been a demonstration of solidarity for Serbia or maybe it was comparable to the Schlieffen Plan. Anyway the speed with which the assembly of European militaries happened would not possess given energy for arrangement. The Schlieffen plan was placed energetically by Germany and constrained by the Generals as opposed to the German government. It was clearly extremely unbending in nature and it was the Schlieffen Plan or nothing despite the fact that Germany by then had no particular fight with France. Anyway what truly added to the beginning of World War I. Antiquarians today despite everything can't concur upon the causes. By and by it is proposed that the occasions paving the way to the July emergency, for example, majestic contention, weapons contest, unions and the Balkan wars however not legitimately related 4. must share some fault. This view can be bolstered because of the massive strains and threatening vibe that was created among Britain and the European countries. Proof recommends that there was no single significant reason for World War I however essentially there was a few significant occasions related with its initiation. For example the death of the Austrian-Hungarian beneficiary Franz Ferdinand while a significant occasion since it activated a progression of occasions didn't have any immediate bearing on the war. Anyway the Austrian-Hungary assertion of war upon Serbia did and this contempt for Serbia had been developing over numerous years. Likewise fault can be shared by Russia, Germany and France over their assembly designs especially Russia who initiated activity first. Germany was further to fault for its absolutely unequivocal help for Austrlia-Hungary who was the assailant in the war with Serbia.

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Maintaining Eating Disorder Recovery in College

Maintaining Eating Disorder Recovery in College Eating Disorders Treatment Print Maintaining Eating Disorder Recovery in College Avoid relapse with these tools By Susan Cowden, MS facebook linkedin Susan Cowden is a licensed marriage and family therapist and a member of the Academy for Eating Disorders. Learn about our editorial policy Susan Cowden, MS Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Rachel Goldman, PhD, FTOS on February 06, 2020 Rachel Goldman, PhD FTOS is a licensed psychologist, clinical assistant professor, speaker, wellness expert specializing in weight management and eating behaviors.   Learn about our Medical Review Board Rachel Goldman, PhD, FTOS on February 06, 2020 asiseeit / Getty Images More in Eating Disorders Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Awareness and Prevention Leaving home for college can be one of the most exciting and liberating times in ones life. However, it can also be scary and emotionally challenging. In many instances, college brings new living arrangements, loss of usual social supports, harder academics, less structure, and increased access to drugs and alcohol. This transition can challenge even the most stable eating disorder recovery.  Learn what you can do to make this transition smoothly and without an eating disorder to worry about. First, please consider carefully whether you are ready for college or whether you might benefit from delaying college to focus on recovery first.  At least six months of stable recovery is recommended before transitioning to college. You should be able to eat flexibly in a variety of settings. Going when recovery is not strong can lead to a relapse.   Choose Your College With Recovery in Mind When you tour colleges and think about where you would like to go, not only is it important to choose a great town and a college that offers your major of choice. It is also important to think about how the college can either support or hinder your recovery. Does the college offer counseling services? Is it close to home or far away? Do you find a smaller college to be more supportive than a larger school? Be Realistic About Your Schedule The first semester of college can be challenging for anyone. Keep this in mind as you choose your classes and create your schedule. Be honest with yourself about how many semester hours you can truly handle without getting burned out. You may also want to consider taking classes that you would consider less challenging this semester rather than committing to classes that will be stressful and take up a lot of time and energy. This is also true of your extracurricular activities. Be wary of signing up for too many commitments. If you find that you have extra time on your hands, you can always add things to your schedule at a later time. Set Up  Counseling Services Before You Go Even if youve been in recovery for a while, its a smart idea to locate a counselor (either on or off campus) and set up an appointment for after you arrive. If you begin struggling with your eating disorder (or other issues) you will already have someone to talk with about it. If things go smoothly, simply use the appointment to check in with someone locally. If you are currently seeing a therapist and/or dietician, make sure to arrange for your previous treatment team to forward records to your new counselor. This will help make the transition easier. Plan Your Meal Times Eating in a new environment can be challenging for many students in recovery. The food will be different than you are used to eating at home. Sometimes the cafeteria is only open for a limited amount of time, making it difficult to get a meal if you have a class that overlaps. Limited dining options and a lack of support at meals can also be triggering and stressful. Find out what your on-campus and off-campus dining options are beforehand. Seek out supportive people to eat with on a regular basis and work with your  dietician to create possible combinations of foods. You may also want to consider the types of foods that can be easily stored in your room. If you struggle with binge eating, you may want to plan to only purchase limited amounts of non-triggering foods to keep on hand. Identify Potential Challenges   Work with your therapist, dietician or a support person to try to anticipate potential challenges to your recovery. These will certainly include overt symptoms of your eating disorder but may also include things that might not be so obvious such as skipping breakfast or beginning to feel anxious and/or depressed. You may be more active than you were in high school. Many college students do a great deal of walking. Keep in mind you may need increased food to fuel for this increased activity level.   Seek Support One of the most helpful ways that clients report being supported in recovery is to connect with supportive people. Going to a  college where you may not know anyone can make a connection difficult. Plan ahead of time to call or Skype regularly with your family and friends back home. Seek out people to connect with at school. These may be people you meet in your dorm, classes or in various student groups. It can be anxiety-provoking to put yourself out there and make new friendships, but you are worth the effort! Regardless of how much planning and effort you make to prepare for your transition to college, it still may be difficult. And, you still may experience a relapse. Dont beat yourself up. If this happens to you, make an appointment and get into treatment again. The faster you begin addressing the issues, the faster youll be back in recovery. Note to Parents If you are a parent of a college student who has had an eating disorder, a college contract is recommended. This is an agreement between the parents and the student that specifies conditions required for the student to be able to remain in college (things like maintaining a healthy weight, not engaging in eating disorder behaviors  and having regular weight checks). The contract should also specify what the parents will do if these conditions are not met (for example, increase oversight, bring the child home, etc.). Having a contract that both you and your child agree on can help maintain eating disorder recovery and give you some peace of mind to what is, undoubtedly, also a difficult transition for you.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Pathfinder Of The Seas - 1632 Words

When people go on cruise trips, they intend to enjoy their time off to experience the sights and sounds of the open sea. In Annie Dillard’s Mornings Like This, she includes in her collection of found poems a poem that instills a similar sense of imagery that one would experience by the ocean. Her found poem, called â€Å"The Pathfinder of the Seas,† includes a variety of words and sentences that relate to sailing in the sea. She extracted them from other literature related to scientific research of the sky and the sea. The author brings together these distinct elements and structures them in a poem. By giving them a new home, she subsequently gives the work a new meaning. Dillard aims for the reader to find a new perspective on life through the†¦show more content†¦It does this by pointing out that a limit on the expansion of thought, whether mentally or spiritually, does not exist. The style of syntax she uses when constructing the found poem supports the effi cacy to getting her message through to the reader. The structure of her poem leads the reader towards her goal of understanding the process of expanding their mind. The main body of the poem, excluding the first and last stanza, can be dissected into three consecutive distinct parts: commands, observations, and questions the author provides. The poem first introduces observations and follows with the metaphysical question: â€Å"And why have not / The currents of the sea worn away its bottom?† (Dillard 7). This first stanza serves as a signpost to how Dillard structured the rest of the poem, and it gives the reader a vignette of what will come after. After that stanza, Dillard provides four commands concerning interacting the sky and the sea. This begins the path she sets out for the reader. After presenting the commands, Dillard moves on to provide descriptions about the skies and seas, including observations such as the â€Å"Aurora Borealis† and â€Å"the height an d velocity of waves.† She finally concludes the path she set for the reader with yet another metaphysical question: â€Å"If the water which now lies on the floor / Of the deep sea has to lie there forever, / Why was it made fluid instead of solid?† The final stanza of the poem serves as a reminder of the path theShow MoreRelatedThe Pathfinder Of The Seas1674 Words   |  7 Pagesto experience the sights and sounds of the open sea. In Annie Dillard’s Mornings Like This, she includes in her collection of found poems a poem that instills a similar vivid sense of imagery that one would experience by the ocean. Her found poem, called â€Å"The Pathfinder of the Seas,† includes a variety of words and sentences that relate to sailing in the sea. They were extracted from other books related to scientific research of the sky and the sea. The author brings together these distinct elementsRead MorePathfinders: A Global History of Exploration by Felipe Fernandez-Arm esto1063 Words   |  5 Pagestell--the story of how humans diverged over many millenia, and the story of how they later re-converged, lac[ing] the world together with routes of contact. Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration by Felipe Fernandez-Armesto chronicles human exploration throughout history beginning with the peopling of the earth through the earliest pathfinders and continuing up to the near-present age of globalization. Felipe Fernà ¡ndez-Armesto is an historian and the William P. Reynolds Professor of History atRead MoreThe Shakespearean Sonnet Essay639 Words   |  3 Pagesover half of the marriages ending in divorce. Metaphorically, Shakespeare compares love to a motionless pathfinder which withstands the storm and is not swayed by it, and to a polestar which guides mariners at sea. The ship tossed in the storm, and the star that guides its way are images of great beauty and depth of feeling. The lost ship speaks to each and every individual lost in the sea of our own emotions. The star can be thought of in the astronomical as well as the astrological or metaphysicalRead MoreShamhat and Siduri Essay584 Words   |  3 PagesShamhat. The impact of those few days with Shamhat was very vast and it, virtually, made him a human being from the animal that he was. She made him eligible to go to Gilgamesh and be his soul brother. Gilgamesh met Siduri in her cottage by the sea on his journey to find Utnapishtim. Gilgamesh was devastated by Enkidus death. The immense grief and excruciating pain and also fear for death, that it caused to him had made him eager to seek immortality. Gilgamesh met Siduri in a very delicate stateRead MoreD Day During World War II1556 Words   |  7 Pageswas one of the most important things for the landings on the beaches. Eisenhower actually scheduled the invasion for June 5th, but had to call it off because of weather conditions. Eisenhower needed low tides, light winds, little cloud cover, and low seas for the invasion. The low tides were for the boats so they could hit land before the obstacles were placed. The light winds and little cloud cover played a major part. Light winds so that the ships missiles would not be blown off course and littleRead MoreThe Difference of Warfare between World War 1 and World War 21009 Words   |  5 PagesWar. The U.S. Navy linking with the Roy al Navy played a significant role in overcoming the German U-boats in the North Atlantic. The Germany Navy while technically effective disastrously diminished the German war effort. Germanys building of a High Seas Fleet was one of the causes that public view on Britain turned against Germany and that Britain come unto the War. Yet, the small U-boat fleet, showed a key competition to the British. In the early war, U-boats drowned three British cruisers, shockingRead MoreBlack Catholic Worship On The Sacred Liturgy1252 Words   |  6 Pagespriest for the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, who received a 10-minute ovation. Fr. Rivers pioneered what he termed â€Å"Soulfull Worship† and soon was joined by other composers and choir directors to bring a new musical wind into Catholic rites. These pathfinders showed how prayer in African American congregations could be both authentically Catholic and Black – by deftly blending traditional hymns and Gregorian chant with Spirituals , Gospel, and jazz as well as new compositions written expressly for CatholicRead MoreThe Oil Embargo of 1972-19731247 Words   |  5 Pagessuch a move, the leader thought that hed give an economic independence to his country. This move made by the patriarch of Nasserism caused retaliation from 3 military forces: the British, the French and the Israeli. On the other side of the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia saw all that was happening with its neighbor. During the 1956 crisis, the Saudis decided to block all exportation to Britain and France but avoided cutting its oil production. From a political perspective, the 1956 crisis was both aRead MoreThe Battle Of Normandy And World War II1286 Words   |  6 Pagesthey were assigned on D-Day (Ambrose 145-147). The Allies did indeed put a huge effort into their training, for Stephen E Ambrose writes â€Å"No matter how brilliant the plan, no matter how effective the deception, no matter how intense the preinvasion sea and air bombardment, Ov erlord would fail if the assault squads did not advance.† (Ambrose 133). The Allies had begun loading their equipment on May 31, 1944, with plans to launch Operation Overlord on June 5(Ambrose 173). With countless months of planningRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1827 Words   |  8 Pagesso attentive and full of life that Carraway doubts he will ever find it †in any other person and†¦is not likely [to] ever [be found] again† (2). When Carraway first met Gatsby, the latter was shrouded with mystery, as he looked longingly across the sea. Comparable to an â€Å"intricate machine that registers earthquakes ten thousand miles away,† Gatsby does not follow the populace in that he radiates a sense of hope that is uncommon, if not rare, amongst the crowd of disillusioned people (2). †¢ Tom Buchanan—

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Police Brutality And Racial Profiling Essay - 2484 Words

Police Brutality and Racial Profiling Police Brutality is defined as the use of excessive force by police officers when they encounter civilians. Police officers are defined as people who are responsible for the prevention of crime. Brutality is defined as, â€Å"savage, physical violence.† Police brutality has been alive and well for many years, but a majority of the cases had been recently. Dating back to the times of the Civil Rights Movement and even before, minorities have been treated with little to know respect by police officers. Racial Profiling is defined as, the act of suspecting or targeting a race based on a preconceived idea or notion. Police brutality and racial profiling are more prevalent among minorities than non-minorities because of stereotypes they have place on minorities. Cases of police brutality and racial profiling have surfaced all across the United States. The most recent case that took the world by notice was when Philando Castile was shot and killed in St. Anthony, Minnesota. During a traffic stop, he was shot by a police officer named Jeronimo Yanez. While stopped, Castile told the police officer that he had a gun with him and that he was licensed to carry the gun. The officer told him Castile not to move and as he was putting his hands back up, the officer shot Philando Castile in the arm four to five times. Now, that is just one case where an innocent civilian has been killed by a police officer. Every police officer is not bad, but some ofShow MoreRelatedPolice Brutality And Racial Profiling1343 Words   |  6 PagesThe use of police brutality and racial profiling is an unfortunate part of today’s society that needs to be addressed. Blacks are being stopped and searched by police officers in greater numbers compared to other races, and sometimes these situations escalate into violence. In the essay Blue On Black Violence: Freddie Gray, Baltimore, South Africa, the Quietism of Africana Christian Theology, author Darryl Scriven, a Philosophy professor at Florida AM University, reports that, â€Å"CNN reported thatRead MorePolice Brutality And Racial Profiling1902 Words   |  8 PagesPolice brutality refers to the intentional utilization of vituperations or extortionate force directed towards a country s citizens by the police force. This extortionate force may be physical or in form of psychological dauntingness. Police brutality is highly evident in many countries all over the world especially in the news where such cases are reported. It is optically discerned as a form of police malfeasance which involves sexual abuse, police corruption, erroneous apprehends, racial profilingRead MorePolice Brutality And Racial Profiling1868 Words   |  8 Pagesoften these days. Police Brutality and racial profiling. As a white male, someone who is a criminal justice major in hopes of eventually becoming some type of law enforcement for my career later in life, you may ask why I even care about this issue since it isn’t necessarily affecting my life directly. My response is simple, I am tired of seeing the hashtags behind these deaths and one death from police brutality is already too many. Everyone sees the subject of police brutality as something thatRead MoreThe Conflict Of Police Brutality And Racial Profiling858 Words   |  4 Pagesprominent conflict of African American males and police officials in Western nations, focusing directly on the American South. In the late 1920’s African Americans in the U.S.A, were hopeful that their struggle against racism was nearing a successful conclusion with the start of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People). For many years, especially for people not of colour, racism, racial discrimination and police brutality were â€Å"hidden† from the mainstream media. ThoughRead MorePolice Brutality Based On Racial Profiling1682 Words   |  7 Pagesothers; violence and brutality against innocent citizens is the key to getting the job done. For years, minorities have fallen victim to police brutality based on racial profiling, stereotypes and other unjustifiable reasons that has cost severa l innocent lives. The involvement of officers in police brutality against minority social groups causes tainted and negative views on policing and their overall duty to protect, when they are ultimately the aggressors in this case. Police brutality is a violent incidentRead MorePolice Brutality Of African Americans1405 Words   |  6 Pagesyears police brutality towards African Americans has increased. This violence has resulted in riots across the United States. The August 2014 death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri many Americans, some who are former Civil Rights activists, have spoken out against police brutality. Black Lives Matter states that the movement’s goal is to bring justice to the present unjust police killings of African Americans. Looking at prior cases of brutality and its connection to racial profiling, suchRead MorePolice Brutality Racism1340 Words   |  6 PagesPolice brutality in America has been known to put fear in the lives of many Americans. Although police brutality is played out across all avenues of the media and many people see this happening, it yet does not change the fact that racism still exists in the justice system of America. People in positions of power yet have not done anything to rectify the situation and this has lead to the rise of â€Å"Black Lives Matter† movement. Numerous opportunities have been presented to officials to speak up aboutRead MorePolice Brutality1519 Words   |  7 Pagespeople have endured violence in many different ways. Today, police officers use deadly, excessive force that leads to inexcusable assaults, beatings and shootings. This demonstrates the governmentÐ ¢s role in initiating and prolonging racial suppression and provides the explanation for police brutality to become a federal crime(Black Radical Congress, 3). In history, racist violence, police brutality, has been used to suppress the racial blacks and to preserve power and privileges for the white raceRead MoreB lack Lives Matter Is An International Activist Movement1693 Words   |  7 Pagescorrelates to many topics such as police brutality, racial profiling, racism, segregation, discrimination etc. â€Å"Racial Profiling† refers to the discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials that targets individuals on suspicion of crime based on an individual s race, ethnicity, religion or national origin (â€Å"Racial Profiling: Definition†). Although this topic affects a wide array of communities it still pertains to citizens of color.Citizens rely on the police to protect them from any harm orRead MorePolice Brutality1314 Words   |  6 Pages Police brutality Those of the minority community have been subjected, for many decades, to violence by those in law enforcement in the United States. This type of violence is a direct depiction of police brutality, which often leads to death. Police brutality has been an issue for many years, and it remains a major concern for those of the minority community. Over the past five centuries, black people have endured violence in many different ways. Today, police officers use deadly, excessive force

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Democracy Free Essays

Democracy Democracy has become a dominant form of the government, that using in many countries. Democracy is a government form, which is the citizen should have a decision to vote their leader directly for their own country or elect the leader for the other problems. Democracy can develop it, if the majority and the minority party or the association willing works together. We will write a custom essay sample on Democracy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Which is everybody can talk and have an opinion, than will put the all idea together and take a better decision for the problem. With democracy form, the one elected leader will work as maximum as possible for the citizens. Than the citizens can see and make a decision about what the elected leader have done to the country and also they have elected the right or wrong leader. Democracy is based on the concept, that everybody in the world is the same, no matter what they are a president or a king. In democracy also have no different between how people look like. For example: White and black, lower class and middle class. Furthermore, not everybody have an equal physically or mentally. The important thing, democracy is all human being have equality. In democracy have an important concept. The first concept is all of the citizens that living in one country, that should be equal, which have an idea and an opinion than issues to the public. The important thing, while elect the candidates for the country leader, that everybody needs to listen to the candidates because the candidates have a different ideas and plans to what they will do for the country. The candidates also need a concept of equality to speech in front all of country citizen, which will vote for the election about what their plans for the future, if they win as a country leader. Even though, the citizens divide to a different side of parties. The United State of America is using the democracy form. Four years ago, Barrack Obama won the election from John McCain as a 44th president of the United State of America, which was using a democracy form. For the 2012 president election, which Barrack Obama and Mitt Romney were candidates for the president and won by Obama. That is one of example for the democracy form. All American citizen need to participate in the election because all of them are important. They have a better decision to vote and make a difference between both of presidential candidates for the next four years for America. The second concept, the citizens, the government and the candidates should be freedom. This democracy concept is based on equality concept because with freedom people will free to have and issues the idea and opinion to the public and the people also should be listening to each other. Than combine the ideas and opinion and take a good decision, which is can keep a good name of the country. â€Å"Democracy depends on citizen participation in all these ways. But participation must be peaceful, respectful of the law, and tolerant of the different views of other groups and individuals. † Even though the democracy concept is freedom and equality, but without participation of citizen, the democracy form cannot work. The country needs a citizen to participate and also need respect for the law. The concept of freedom is not about the citizen become a totally free under the government. That problem can only become an anarchy, where have no government to control the country. The citizens are totally free from everything; they can do what ever they like. For Example: The country has a corruption, everywhere people are poor people and many of them become a murderer to get money, in order to survive their self. Hereafter, the freedom concept has free to choose any religion, to worship and to practice the religion. Further, also free develop their own culture; teach the culture to each other. Democracy also allows the people move from the country. Furthermore, democracy is the system that follows the rule. â€Å"The rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government. With having a rule of law, the country can be affordable because everything is safe; they have a right of citizen. Everybody who life in a democracy forms that will be equal to each other because the citizens live under the law. With the law people cannot do what ever they like because they will get no excuse for it. For example: One of the government official grafts the money from one of the project. That is a big problem beca use he or she is breaking the rule of law in democracy form. The sanction at least the government official will go to the jail. For Example: Indonesia, if the government Official and a businessman have a problem with to the government or to other problem, and also corruption, will have a decision to go to the jail. Forward, all of citizens and government have equality under the law. â€Å"No one may be taxed or prosecuted except by a law established in advance. † In democracy country, no one can live without the law, because everybody in one country is all the citizen of the country. Than the citizen cannot make any changes for the law, even for the president cannot break the law because law is established and adhered to. The form of democracy is very good to use in the government. The citizen will have a freedom to chose the country leader, which is they have time to decision and also make it a different for the country, also for their self. Everybody in democracy form always have to get equality between the citizen and the government. The citizen who have an ideas or opinion and can issue their opinion to the government, which is can make any change for the country and help the people in the country. The democracy can make the government easier to control the citizen and the country because the people are obedient against the rule of law. Further, the country is safer from the criminal, from the project corruption and also can help the citizen to improve their self to become a better citizen than useful for the country. Reference: 1. â€Å"What Is Democracy? † What Is Democracy? Web. 09 Nov. 2012. http://www. stanford. edu/~ldiamond/iraq/WhaIsDemocracy012004. htm. 2. Grigsby, Ellen. Analyzing Politics. 4th ed. How to cite Democracy, Papers Democracy Free Essays Etymologically, democracy comes from two Greek words, demos and cratein. Demos means society while cratein means authority. There are many terminological definitions of democracy, one of it is definition is by Henry B. We will write a custom essay sample on Democracy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mayo stating that democracy is a political system showing the public policy determined by representatives audited effectively by the society by having periodic elections based on principles of political similarities in a situation where there is freedom to choose.This means that the government has to accept opinions and critics from the society and no right to interfere with non-formal democracy facilities, also the freedom of speech and media. Democracy has its three roles, to be the government of the people, by the people and for the people; †¢A valid government is an approved government that has the support of majority of the people through elections. †¢Government’s authority has to be upon the people not from the elite personal and bureaucracy drive. †¢Government’s authority has to be established by the basis the people’s needs Democracy: Norms of CoexistenceThere are six norms for a democratic society, which are: 1. Realization of pluralism T he acknowledgement of differences has to be acted to appreciate different perspectives, shrinking any acts of supremacy of the majorities and tyranny of the minorities. 2. Discussions Having diplomatic and mature citizens who can accept negotiations and compromises socially or politically with no hard feelings on every decisions made 3. To gain has to be in sync with the goal It is not enough to apply democracy on elections and such, but there has be morals and with no need for threats and enforcements 4.Norm of honesty and agreements Mastering the art of discussions to be honest and transparent, giving a win-win situation for all 5. Freedom of conscience and egalitarianism This norm will develop greatly if assumed positively, if not, it will show the potential of being secretive and misunderstanding 6. Trial and error Democracy needs experiments and participation of the people in order to have the maximal achievement of this norm Democracy is not a one-day process that can be gained in a short time. It is a long and risky journey to reach the topia of democracy and patience is the key for achieving it. . History of Democracy Democracy was first started in Greece on the 6th century B. C until the 4th century A. D. It was once a system where it is the people’s right to decide on politics, however the system was biased because the haves were dominating. Then, in the medieval times, democracy strikes again when Magna Charta was born in England, stating that the King’s authority was limited and the people’s rights were more important than the King’s. The great era of Renaissance, which means rebirth in French, sparked more democracy in Europe. After Renaissance, the Reformation Movement, which is the revolution of religion in the 16th century, revived democracy after its defeat in the medieval times. Martin Luther King was one of the critics fighting against the churches and absolutism, he stated that rationalities are based on the natural law and social contract.. Social contract, defined by Montesquieu, is the main system which guarantees political rights through trias politica, which is the division of authority: legislative, executive and judicative.All this centuries of democracy resurgences is to obtain the welfare state. Democracy in Indonesia 1. 1945-1959 Known as the Parliamentary Democracy, it is not suitable for Indonesia with its lack of democracy background, giving the chance for political parties to dominate socio-politic life. This furthers the fragmentation of politic derived from stereotypes of ethnics and religion. 2. 1959-1965 Named as Guided Democracy, known for its domination from the president and the outbreak of communism and military role in the national politics.The main flaw of this democracy is the absolutism and centralization of authority for the president causing loss of social control and check balance from legislatives towards executives. 3. New Order (1965-1998) The New Order was started in the Soeharto era, a solution for adjusting the deviation of the UUD 1945 from the previous system. It is believed to aid the achievement of the 3 goals, to enforce and validate the principles of law of the state, having a adequate economical life for each individuals, and protecting the human rights and justice. However, this order starts new problems such as the domination of military forces, bureaucracy of decision arrangements, elimination and of the roles of political parties, government’s interference to political parties, monotilized ideology of nation, in cooperation of non-government institutions 4. Post-New Order (1998-present) The Reformation era is usually connected to the movement of reformed society demanding democracy and human rights. Reformation started at Mei 1998 when Soeharto resigns, leaving the society no responsiveness towards Pancasila.This is the type of democracy which has no strings attached, where the rights of each individual is the main component in the mechanism of a democratic regime. Elements of Democracy 1. The Rule of Law and Rechtsstaat) It is defined as a state giving law protection for the people through fair and open justice institutions, also guaranteeing human rights of the individuals. Rechtsstaat has the concept of having security for human ri ghts, divisions for state authorities, government based on the law and justification of administration. The Rule of Law is known to have supremacy of the rules of law, equality before the law and assurance of human rights 2. Civil Society Civil society is an open society, having equal of obligation and rights and no pressure from the nation. Participation form the society is the significant key for democracy, having the civic engagement in order to help the process of decision makings. 3. Alliance of Strategic Groups This component includes political parties, movement and pressure groups. Political parties are designed to gain authority and rank to accomplish political policies.Movement groups are a group of people assembled in an organization oriented at society’s empowerment. for example Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama, Persatuan Islam, Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam, Gerakan Mahasiswa Nasionalis Indonesia and etc. Last but not least, the pressure groups are the organization based on a interest criteria, for example Ikatan Dokter Indonesia, Asosiasi Ilmuwan Politik Indonesia and so on. These three groups have an important role towards democracy, increasing the critical minds, independence, constitutional in stating the mission and importance of each organization.The press and the intellectuals are also a vital essential for democracy, giving a significant application on having a democratic system. Parameters of Democratic Life Democracy isn’t just a dissertation with principles but it has a parameter and surface area which scopes: 1. Election is a process of forming a government, until now election is the most fair and a main instrument in a government replacement 2. Structure of state power is the division and distribution of authority in order to avoid an integrated control in one region or department 3. Society control is the authority relation which goes on symmetrically, has a clear connection and a check and balance mechanism Election and Political Party in a Democratic System Election is a democratic mechanism to decide on the rotation of governance structure where the people are given political rights. It has to be held routinely with a transparent competition between the political parties Political party has an significant role in democracy, as a political structure which gains the authority and political rank. It is also a center of the people’s aspirations.This role is an implementation of values of democracy which consists of people’s participation through society control. There are various systems of parties, such as one party system, two party system and multiparty system. Islam and Democracy There are three views on Islam and democracy: 1. Islam and democracy is two different political system, Islam cannot be subordinated with democracy since Islam is a sel f-sufficient political system 2. Islam is different compared to democracy if the democracy is defined as a procedure understood and practiced in Western countries 3. 3.Islam is a system value which corrects and supports democracy just like the Western countries have There are arguments against the development of democracy in Islam, first, the misunderstood and biased view on democratic practice. Most Muslims consider democracy as something in contradiction of Islam. In order to anticipate this, it is needed to liberate the religious thought to search for consensus and synthesis between Islam and democracy. Secondly, it’s a matter of culture since some Muslims are used to autocracy and absolutism. Lastly, it is said that it is only natural that democracy slows up its development in Islam. How to cite Democracy, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Supply Chain Management and Lean Production free essay sample

Abstract The system of interconnected businesses used to push a product from supplier to consumer is defined as a supply chain. Supply chain management focuses on managing the supply chain in an effort to improve the quality and time it requires to manufacture a product. In addition to implementing supply chain management, a helpful lean production practice called Just-in-time can be used to remove any waste present along the supply chain. The marriage of lean production and supply chain management creates lean supply chain management, which provides a much leaner and more economical supply chain for the product to flow through. Supply Chain Management and Lean Production Much uncertainty about what supply chain management entails is present in today’s society. Many people treat supply chain management as being synonymous with logistics, which is the management of the flow of goods from the origin to the consumers However, supply chain management encompasses much more than the purchasing or management of goods to the consumer. We will write a custom essay sample on Supply Chain Management and Lean Production or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Supply chain management (SCM), as defined by Lambert (2008), is the management of relationships across the supply chain, which includes a network of interconnected businesses involved in providing a product or service to the consumer. The management of the relationships between businesses on the supply chain is significant to ensure successful and efficient processes are used in providing products and goods to the customer. Definition of Supply Chain Management (SCM) What is a supply chain? A supply chain is defined as a system of organizations, as well as people and information, which are directly involved with the manufacture and delivery of a product (Phelps, Smith, Hoenes, 2004; â€Å"Supply Chain,† 2008). The supply chain includes the transformation of raw materials at the site of the supplier to finished goods that can be used by the consumer, as shown in Figure 1. The path the product travels is similar to that of a river. A river, when properly banked, is flowing in one direction towards a goal (Tompkins, 2000). Mark Twain stated that â€Å"Without banks the river is just a puddle. † A supply chain, like a river, needs communication and integration as its banks to create a force towards the destination, which is the consumer. Without the presence of the banks, the river would go nowhere and therefore be merely a puddle. Effective communication in business relationships that cross over different departments, as displayed by the arrows in Figure 1, is necessary to provide quality products to the consumer. What is supply chain management? Lambert (2004) defines supply chain management as â€Å"the integration of key business processes from the end user through original suppliers than provides products, services, and information that add value for customers and other stakeholders. † An illustration of supply chain management is displayed in Figure 2. This figure represents a basic supply chain network structure, as well as the flow of information and the product. The eight supply chain management processes, which integrate various tasks within the organization across the supply chain, can also be found in Figure 2 (Lambert, 2008). The implementation of the eight supply chain management processes is necessary to manage the relationships between various departments and tasks across the supply chain. Supply chain management is ultimately about the management of relationships within the network of businesses in the supply chain. Lambert (2008) expresses that the management of a supply chain is managed â€Å"link-by-link, relationship-by-relationship, and the organizations that manage these relationships best will win. † Role of Supply Chain Management (SCM) Overview of the role Supply chain management places attention along the entire supply chain, from raw materials at the supplier to finished goods in the hands of the customer. One role that supply chain management plays within a company is producing more efficient, quality products, which creates a competitive advantage among other companies. Today, management of the supply chain can be completed through the use of supply chain management software, such as E2Open. Supply chain management allows a company to document and track data pertaining to the supply chain. Benefits of the supply chain management Supply chain management places importance on managing the customer relationship, as well as the supplier relationship. By effectively managing these relationships, the company can become more competitive, while increasing the quality of the product to the customer. Placing emphasis on the supplier relationship and the businesses along the supply chain increases product efficiency and quality. The importance placed on the customer relationship focuses on the demands and needs of the customer. Through effective communication within the relationships along the supply chain, a basic balance of supply and demand is established.